It will take another 135.6 years before achieving parity between men and women on a global scale and closing the gaps both economically, politically, in health and even in education, according to the 15e report released Wednesday by the World Economic Forum (WEF). This is 36 years older than before the Covid-19. The study shows very strong disparities from one country to another.
“The pandemic has had a fundamental impact on gender equality, both in the workplace and at home, reversing years of progress,” said Saadia Zahidi, member of the WEF Executive Committee, cited in the press release accompanying the study. The repercussions of the health crisis were more severe for women who were more likely to lose their jobs, in part due to their overrepresentation in sectors related to consumption which were most directly affected by the containment measures.
According to figures from the International Labor Organization (ILO), the loss of jobs for women reached 5% in 2020, against 3.9% for men, study in support. The health crisis has also increased the double burden of women between work and household responsibilities, with household chores, childcare and eldercare “falling disproportionately” on them.
The rate of hiring for women is also slower now that the job market is recovering, their chances of being recruited for senior positions are lower, according to this study, which finds a decline of one to two years per year. report on progress made so far.
The gap has however widened especially at the political level, according to this index carried out every year since 2006. While it shows an improvement in more than half of the 156 countries reviewed, women however occupy only 26, 1% of parliamentary seats and 22.6% of ministerial posts worldwide. Continuing its current trajectory, the gender gap in politics should take 145.5 years to close, compared to 95 years in the previous edition of the report, dating from the end of 2019. The publication of this 15e edition was delayed by the health crisis, the study authors noting that the data collected for 2021 does not yet fully reflect the impact of the pandemic on women.
For the 12e Year in a row, Iceland has remained at the top of the rankings, remaining the most equal country in the world, followed by Finland, Norway, New Zealand and Sweden. Switzerland gained 8 places to climb to 10e rank, notably thanks to the increase in the number of women parliamentarians. Although 80.1% of Swiss women participate in the labor market and 47% work in skilled occupations (88.9% of the gap closed), they are only 33.5% in managerial positions. This figure corresponds to a gap of 50% between the sexes for this indicator, the most important to be closed, followed by equal pay, notes the report.
Germany fell one place (11e), just like France which points to 16e place in the ranking, out of 156 countries. France still has a long way to go in the job market. The study notes that more French women work part-time, but also highlights the pay gap. The estimated income of women is still only 71% of that of men in France, according to these data. For their part, the United States have gained 23 places and now stand at 30e rang.
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